Category Archives: Uncategorized

The Monk and the Tusker

The Monk and the Tusker

(Based on an ancient Buddhist tale)

Retold by Ama H.Vanniarachchy

Long time ago a monk lived alone in a forest. The forest was a beautiful place and to the monk all the animals and plants were his family. A rock cave was his dwelling. Forest berries was his diet. He spent the day meditating and practicing what he has learned.

Humans in the nearby village used to hunt and sometimes capture these animals for their own needs. There lived a she-elephant in the other end of the forest. Every time her baby elephants were captured by humans in the nearby village. She was very sad about this. One day she took her newborn baby elephant and walked to the other end of the forest where the monk lived. She went to the monk and gave her new born baby elephant to him and asked him to protect the baby elephant. The monk who was kind to all living beings, accepted the poor helpless mother’s request and adopted the baby elephant. The mother returned to her home, back to her herd.

From then on, the baby elephant grew with the monk as his son. The monk used to feed him, wash him and even play with him few hours a day. As the monk grew older and elephant grew younger, the elephant took care of the monk as a son would take care of his old father. The elephant used to follow the monk everywhere. If the monk is resting in the cave, the elephant would rest nearby. He would bring fruits to the monk.  Keep the monk on his back and take him to the river and bathe him. The young mighty elephant was like the monk’s shadow.

One day, a hunter lost his way and wandered in the deep forest. Accidently he walked in to the area where the monk lived and he saw the mighty young elephant. He was surprised to see such a magnificent young tusker. He thought to himself, “If I tell the king about this mighty beast, I will be rewarded.” With such evil thoughts he went to the king and told the messengers about the giant beast. Soon the king’s huntsmen entered the forest in search of the giant tusker. They entered the other side of the forest where the monk and tusker lived and set elephant traps all over the forest.

That morning the monk was meditating in his cave and the young tusker set off into the forest to bring breakfast for both of them.  Unknowing the evil intentions of the humans, the young tusker gaily roamed around the forest in search of food. He stepped on a trap and alas, he was caught!  He couldn’t move his legs and the giant creature fell on the floor. He started to cry. His eyes were red with anger and agony. Tears started to roll off his eyes. He couldn’t understand what was happening. He tried his best to break off the ropes but they were hard as iron. It was a sad sight to see. Soon the king’s huntsmen reached there. They threw an arrow at the tusker’s shoulder which was soaked in a tranquilizer. How helpless he was!

Soon the giant creature was taken to the king. He was tied using hard ropes and iron chains. He soon gained conscious and was furious. His eyes searched the monk. He couldn’t see him anywhere. This is not the forest. He could see hundreds of people staring at him and some of them standing around him with spears and arrows pointed towards him. He was angry and started to shout. It was like the thunder. He moved his giant feet, trunk and body. He threw the bucket of water as hard as he can. It splashed and the bucket was in pieces. He took the food from his trunk and threw it up in the air. As he struggled the iron chains and roped hurt his feet and neck.

The king and all his men were wondering how to tame him. They pricked him with spears, threw water over him, shouted harsh loud words and tightened his chains but nothing calmed the Tusker. The king thought he has never seen such a huge elephant till now and such beautiful and long tusks. His voice was like thunder. This one surely is going to be the royal elephant. And he will be the best war elephant. But nothing could tame the tusker.

Meanwhile the monk was wondering where his elephant is. Why is he late? What could have happened to him? The monk left his cave and wandered in the forest in search of the tusker. The monk called out his name. Seeing his huge footsteps the monk followed them and came to the place where the tusker was trapped. The monk realized that his son, the tusker, was in great trouble and he needs help. The monk left the forest and entered the village. He asked the villagers about the tusker. They told him that a magnificent tusker had been captured today by the king. The monk visited the king. On the way he could hear the thunderous cries of the tusker. The monk felt his agony. As soon as he visited there, the tusker became calm. He bent down on his knees in front of the monk and cried. His warm tears washed the dust covering the monk’s feet. The monk placed his palm on the tusker’s forehead. He felt no fear and pain anymore.

The king saw this miracle. The wild beast was tamed by this monk from the forest. The king walked towards the monk and said, “The beast is tamed to you. How hard we tired, my men who are experts, couldn’t tame the beast. How did you do that?”

The monk replied, “This tusker whom you call as the beast, is my son. He lives with me in the forest. He is my family. Even animals feel love and compassion. They respond to kind words. And I must request you to release him back to where he belongs. He doesn’t belong here. The wild belongs to the wild. Besides, staying here will not make him happy he will remain stubborn and wild. And if you separate him from me, he will not be able to bear the separation. I am his family.”

“Dear monk, I want him to be the court tusker, he will be the pride of the kingdom. And he will make an excellent war elephant.”

“My dear king, these animals too have feelings. They feel fear, pain and sorrow. When they are separated from their loved once, from their homes they feel fear and sorrow. They miss their families, just as you and I do oh king. They too must be loved and cared, and treated with kind worlds. Just as you and I fear harsh words and physical punishment, these animals fear harsh words and physical punishment too. Dear king, please be kind to every living being, no matter what the size they are. Animals are not ours to use as we want to and they have all the rights to live a fear free life just as we do. We are just another part of Mother Nature and we all are one family. Do no harm to animals and plants, because every life is precious.  Talking about this tusker, he will not survive if you separate him from his home and family. I want you to release him back to where he belongs. He grew up with me since he was a baby elephant. His mother requested me to take care of her newborn baby elephant because all of his babies were captured by humans. It is my duty to protect him and I will stand by him no matter what you do oh great king.”

The king was moved by the monk’s words and he ordered to free the tusker.

Happy and free, the giant tusker gently followed the monk back to his home, the forest.

© සියලූම හිමිකම් ඇවිරිණි. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව මෙහි සඳහන් කිසිවක් හෝ උපුටා ගැනීම, ගබඩා කර තැබීම, නැවත ප්‍රකාශය, පලකිරීම සපුරා තහනම්ය.

Copyright © All Rights Reserved. The words, ideas and images are the intellectual property of Ama H. Vanniarachchy. All work published (words and images) here is copyrighted. If you wish to reproduce the work published here, please inform the writer, to get her written permission and acknowledge this site as the source.

Tagged , , , , , ,

The Clouds and the Little Maid

The Clouds and the Little Maid

(Based on an ancient Asian folklore)

Retold by Ama H.Vanniarachchy2d965dce-0870-4cf4-b636-6da520fbe507 copy copy

Long time ago…yes, many thousand years ago, the world was a different place from today. The sky was so close that fluffy, white clouds floated just next to us. They covered the roofs of our houses and the top of tall trees.

Ambili mama who lives in the moon, with his pet rabbit, would give curd and treacle for children. He loved children, and children would play with his long silvery beard.

The majestic sun god was not as warm as it is today. He was like a gigantic bright warm lamp, hanging up in the sky.

People used stars as lamps to lighten up their houses. Children loved to play with tiny twinkling stars.

There was a poor little servant girl who was tired doing heavy chores. She was always tired and hungry.

One day, she was cleaning the garden with an ekel broom when friendly clouds came to play with her. The tired little girl was angry at the clouds; she threw the ekel broom at the clouds and the sky.

Clouds were sad.   The sky was sad too, that the sky distance itself from us, moving so high that we cannot touch it.

The ekel broom hit the sky so hard, the sun was thrown away and hit the end of the universe. Do you know what happened when the sun hit the end of the universe? The sun caught on fire, and it is still burning.

Ambili mama’s pet rabbit hid behind the mountains on the moon. He would come out only when its nights so we merely see his giant shadow.

The sad sky, clouds, moon, sun and the stars, they all went far far away from us!!!

© සියලූම හිමිකම් ඇවිරිණි. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව මෙහි සඳහන් කිසිවක් හෝ උපුටා ගැනීම, ගබඩා කර තැබීම, නැවත ප්‍රකාශය, පලකිරීම සපුරා තහනම්ය. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව උපුටා ගැනීම බුද්ධිම දේපළ පනත යටතේ දඬුවම් ලැබිය හැකි වරදකි.

Copyright © All Rights Reserved. The words, ideas and images are the intellectual property of Ama H. Vanniarachchy. All work published (words and images) here is copyrighted.If you wish to reproduce the work published here, please inform the writer, to get her written permission and acknowledge this site as the source.

Tagged , , ,

Humanity

If humans are kind to each other, if really humanity do exist, the world would have been a better place and we wouldn’t need to fight so much for innocent lives. This would have made our struggles easier. As I get involved more and more in protecting innocent lives my faith in Humanity fades away. What a world we live in? Can we have faith in humanity? We humans are here to protect others, but we are the very reason that their lives are in danger. How long can we fight for the week, for the voiceless? The future is so dark!!!

It is disheartening to see the drain of humanity in the society we live in….How long can we fight for them? What about the future? The world is becoming a dangerous place to live…very brutal and selfish.

p207800© සියලූම හිමිකම් ඇවිරිණි. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව මෙහි සඳහන් කිසිවක් හෝ උපුටා ගැනීම, ගබඩා කර තැබීම, නැවත ප්‍රකාශය, පලකිරීම සපුරා තහනම්ය. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව උපුටා ගැනීම බුද්ධිම දේපළ පනත යටතේ දඬුවම් ලැබිය හැකි වරදකි.

Copyright © All Rights Reserved. The words, ideas and images are the intellectual property of Ama H. Vanniarachchy. All work published (words and images) here is copyrighted.If you wish to reproduce the work published here, please inform the writer, to get her written permission and acknowledge this site as the source.

 

Ancient Somawati dagaba, sketched by me in ink, water colour and pencil.

image

All rights reserved.

image

All rights reserved.

image

All rights reserved.

Tagged

සත්‍ය කතාවක් ඇසුරෙන් අමා එච්.වන්නිආරච්චි ලේඛිකාව විසින් රචනා කරනු ලබන , ඉදිරියේදී පළ වීමට නියමිත වීදි දරුවන් පිලිබඳ අනුවේදනීය නව කතාවෙන් උපුටා ගත් කොටසක්…

සත්‍ය කතාවක් ඇසුරෙන් අමා එච්.වන්නිආරච්චි ලේඛිකාව විසින් රචනා කරනු ලබන , ඉදිරියේදී පළ වීමට නියමිත වීදි  දරුවන් පිලිබඳ  අනුවේදනීය නව කතාවෙන් උපුටා ගත් කොටසක්…

එදා මා දුටු ඒ කුඩා දැරිය කොහේ ඇද්දැයි මම නොදනිමි. ඇයගේ දුක්ඛිත ඉරණම ගැනද මම නොදනිමි. ඇයට කෙතරම් නම් දුර්භාග්‍යයන්ට  අනාගතයේ මුහුණ දීමට සිදු වන්නේදැයි මට නිතර දෙවේලේ සිතේ. ඇයට අහිමි සුරක්ෂිත ළමා විය, මවකගේ ආදරය, පියෙකුගේ රැකවරණය , සොයුරු සොයුරියන්ගේ සෙනෙහසේ උණුසුම. පාසැල් අධ්‍යාපනයක්, මවගේ සෙනෙහස කැටි කොට සාදා දෙන ආහාර වේලක් ඇය කවදා නම් රසවිඳී ද? ඇය තබන පියවරක් පියවරක් පාසා ඇය පසු පසත්, ඉදියේත්, දෙපසත් ඇත්තේ භයානක අන්ධකාරයකි. රාත්‍රිය මෙන්ම උදයත් දහවලත් ඇයට අඳුරුය. මේ වන විටත් ඇය කෙතරම් නම් භයානක දේවල් අත්දැක ඇතිද? මෙබඳු අසරණ වීදි  දරුවන් සිය දහස් ගණනක් මේ රටේ පමණක් නොව ලෝකයේ බොහෝ රට වල වෙසෙන්නේය. ඔවුන් ගේ අහිමි වන සුරක්ෂිත අහිංසක ළමා විය නැවත කිසි දා ඔවුන් වෙත නොඑන්නේය. ඔවුන් වෙනුවෙන් පවත්වා ගෙන යන්නාවූ වැඩපිළිවෙලවල් සමහරක් සාර්ථක වුවද, තවමත් ඔබේ නගරයේ, වීථියේ මෙබඳු දුක්ඛිත ජිවිත ගත කරන, විෂම වැඩිහිටි සමාජයේ ගොඳුරු බවට පත් වන්නාවූ අකලට මිලින වන්නාවූ දරුවන් සිය ගණනක් සිටින්නේය.

© සියලූම හිමිකම් ඇවිරිණි. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව මෙහි සඳහන් කිසිවක් හෝ උපුටා ගැනීම, ගබඩා කර තැබීම, නැවත ප්‍රකාශය, පලකිරීම සපුරා තහනම්ය. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව උපුටා ගැනීම බුද්ධිම දේපළ පනත යටතේ දඬුවම් ලැබිය හැකි වරදකි.

Copyright © All Rights Reserved. The words, ideas and images are the intellectual property of Ama H. Vanniarachchy. All work published (words and images) here is copyrighted.If you wish to reproduce the work published here, please inform the writer, to get her written permission and acknowledge this site as the source.

Tagged , ,

A study on the “Origin and Evolution of the Domestic Dog”.

The author’s first book released by Godage International Publishers, titled “Origin and Evolution of the Domestic Dog” discusses the long time process of the domestication of the Domestic Dog.

The Domestic Dog, Scientifically called as the Canis lupus familiaris, is one of the oldest animals to be domesticated. There are arguments between scholars about the oldest animal domesticated and some believe it was the Cow, while others believe it was the Dog. This will remain a controversy in the world of Archaeology and Natural Sciences until we gather clear evidences to conclude for sure.

The aim of this study is to research the origin and evolution of the Domestic Dog. The process of Domestication, Animal Domestication, and the domestication of the Canis lupus familiaris and the human involvement are discussed in this article. Information about the Family tree, Ancestral species of the modern domestic dog, living members of the Canine Family such as the Grey/Timber wolf, Jackal, Coyote, Dingo, New Guinea’s Singing Dog, as well as extinct members of the Canine Family such as the Miacid, Cynodictus and Tomactus are presented here in this article.  In which ways the members of the Canine family have being depicted in ancient cultures and believes are another aspect we have researched on.

The modern Domestic Dog is scientifically referred as Canis lupus familiaris.

The companionship between dog and man dates back to the period when man was living his life as a hunter. In fact, they were the ancestors of the Modern Domestic Dog who befriended the pre historic man for the first time. The Grey Wolf or the Timber Wolf and scientifically referred as the Canis Lupus. Rapid changes occurred during this time in human lives. They were ending their lives as hunter-gatherers and beginning a new way of life style. It was the dawn of civilization, the beginning of stable human settlements.  During this time, wild dogs and wolves were attracted towards human settlements in search of warmth and food more than the earlier times. 

The modern Dog is a result of the continuous process of domestication of the Wolf. The Grey Wolf or the Timber Wolf is the largest wild member of the Canidae family and a survivor of the Canidae family who exists from the glaciered period until now. As many scholars/scientists believe, Gray/Timber Wolf is the ancestor of the Modern Dog and many of the modern species of the Dog family. Recently the modern Dog was categorized as a domesticated subspecies of the Grey/timber Wolf. The domestication of wolves original occurred during the late Pleistocene, 13500 years ago. The beginning of the process was not a intended or planned. It was spontaneous and impulsive. This may have been an outcome of some other human or natural performances. As scholars believe, the begging was when garbage used to scatter around pre historic human settlements and wolves that were natural scavengers, were attracted towards them. (One significant reason for wolves to be the first species to be domesticated was that they were natural scavengers. They depend on garbage and left over food. This has given wolves/ dogs and other members of the dog family to survive throughout the hardest situations of history. ) According to DNA evidence it is clear that the ancestral wolf of the modern dog were separated from the other wild wolves nearly about 100000 years ago. The modern dog was evolved from those wolves nearly 15000 years ago. According to these dating, and if they are accurate, dog is the first ever species t be domesticated by man. There are archaeological evidences of the domestication of the dog dating back to 12000-10000 BC. Very clear evidences date back to 7000 BC.

 Birth of a new species…

Many causes strained to develop a new sub species, which was a result of the long-term domestication process. Some considerable causes are the attraction of wolves towards human settlements in search of garbage and leftover food, warmth. Our ancestors who were then hunter-gathers used to bring home and nurture orphaned wolf cubs whom they met in the forest. They were perfect hunting companions, guards, and helpers to transport heavy loads.  As wolves were facing such situations, physical and behavioral changes appeared in later generations of wolves. Because of this, a new generation of wolves with changes required by human was born as a sub species of the wolf. These mutant creatures of wolves are what we today call as the Domestic DOG. As researches believe the Dog is a completely Domesticated species.

 Because of these changes many dog breeds were evolved too. There are hundreds of such various breeds in the world. These dogs were selectively bred to meet different needs of man. Among such breeds, the Saluki is considered as the most ancient dog breed in the world.  Some other ancient dog breeds are Ibizian Hound, Grey Hound, Pharaoh hound, and Samoyed.

 At present Dogs are used to multi-tasks apart from Hunters, Guards and Loving pets. They are used to help shepherds, as sledge dogs in snow covered areas, to rescue people during disasters and catastrophic situations, as messengers, to track down criminals and drugs and weapons, helpers of the disables are to name a few. Apart from all these, dogs have always been man’s best friend since the last glacial period until now and will remain the same for thousands of years to come.

Dogs of Sri Lanka.

In ancient Sinhalese folklore, Jackal plays a prominent role. Till now there are no solid and clear evidence to state that wolves existed in Sri Lanka. The Jackal who exists in Sri Lanka is referred as the Golden Jackal.  There are many Jackal species in the world but the Golden Jackal is the only Jackal species can be found in Sri Lanka. Scientifically the Golden Jackal is referred as the Canis aureus. According to Genetic research this species of Jackal (Golden Jackal- Canis aureus) does not show close relation to the rest of other Jackal species.  Researchers include the Canis aureus to the wolf group as they close relation to the wolf group. The other species belongs to the wolf group is, Grey/Timber wolf, Domestic Dog and Coyote.

 © සියලූම හිමිකම් ඇවිරිණි. කතෘගේ ලිඛිත අවසරය නොමැතිව මෙහි සඳහන් කිසිවක් හෝ උපුටා ගැනීම, ගබඩා කර තැබීම, නැවත ප්‍රකාශය, පලකිරීම සපුරා තහනම්ය.

Copyright © All Rights Reserved. The words, ideas and images are the intellectual property of Ama H. Vanniarachchy. All work published (words and images) here is copyrighted. If you wish to reproduce the work published here, please inform the writer, to get her written permission and acknowledge this site as the source.